Introduction to Weather and Climate

 Warming up

1. Write down a clear definition of what the term ‘weather’ means.
2. Write a clear definition of the term ‘climate’
3. What is the difference between weather and climate?
Watch a weather forecast BBC TV Forecast for Asia Pacific:
4. Why is it important to obtain weather information? Who needs to know?

Digging Deeper

Your goal is to find out how weather data is collected and recorded.
Rain, wind direction, wind speed, cloud cover, sunshine, temperature,  humidity
5. How can weather data be collected? Complete this table outline to show the instruments used to record weather data. This link should help.
6. In your table groups think about measuring rainfall. How could this data be collected? What problems could you have collecting this data and what do you need to do to get accurate data?
7.You will need to make a rain gauge for your weather investigation (see below) – Instructions of how to make one are given here.

8. Where are instruments to measure temperature kept and why? Complete this worksheet to answer this question.

9. The Beaufort Scale is a method of recording wind speed. Complete these activities to find out more about it.

Into Action

Formal Assessment 1 – Nanjing weather investigation 2017

Nanjing weather assignment 2017

As  part of the weather investigation report you are required to create a climate graph.  Here is an example and the links below will give you some more examples.

Climate Graph Examples from Waugh, D. The New Wider World

APA Reference Examples


The theme for this grade level is China.


In your table groups make big posters with the climate graph for one these 5 different cities in China. What are the similarities and differences? What do we learn about climate in China from these?one of five Chinese cities and then describe how temperature and rainfall varies throughout the year in your chosen city.