Why did the Central Powers lose the First World War?
Focused Listening Activity:
Listen to the commentary as you watch the animated map below describing how the German armistice came about. Whilst you are listening write down as many reasons as you can to explain why the Central Powers lost the First World War.
Task – Use the information from the exercise above and in the extract below to make a mind map using Inspiration to show the reasons why Germany and her allies were defeated. You can consider the strengths of the Allies as well as the weaknesses of the Central Powers.
Resource – Why was Germany defeated in 1918?
Who were the Peacemakers?
What did the Treaty of Versailles actually do?
Map of Europe 1919
Compare the map above with the map of Europe in 1914 that you made at the start of this unit – what are the similarities and what are the differences?
Look at the terms of the Treaty of Versailles below – how does this match with what your group decided?
The terms of the Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles (Kelly, N. and Lacey, G. (2001). Modern World History. UK: Heinemann)
The aims of the Big Three are described here: Treaty of Versailles (Kelly, N. and Lacey, G. (2001). Modern World History. UK: Heinemann)
Could the Peace Treaties be justified at the time? The Treaty of Versailles (Kelly, N. and Lacey, G. (2001). Modern World History. UK: Heinemann)
This book is about the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and asks if they were fair:
Assessment of the treaty (Waugh, S.(2001) Essential Modern World History. UK. Nelson Thornes)
The animated maps below also give a clear overview of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles:
(Use the section Europe and Nations 1918 – 1942 and then the map Europe after the First World War and Germany and the Treaty of Versailles.)
The movie below is called ‘Make Germany Pay’ and explains some of the ideas behind the Treaty of Versailles. It lasts for around 10 minutes.