Peace Treaties

Why did the Central Powers lose the First World War?




Focused Listening Activity:
Listen to the commentary as you watch the animated map below describing how the German armistice came about.  Whilst you are listening write down as many reasons as you can to explain why the Central Powers lost the First World War.

The Map as History – 1918 The Last Quarter Hour 

Task – Use the information from the exercise above and in the extract below to make a mind map using Inspiration to show the reasons why Germany and her allies were defeated.  You can consider the strengths of the Allies as well as the weaknesses of the Central Powers.
Resource – Why was Germany defeated in 1918?

Screenshot 2014-03-07 11.25.20

Screenshot 2014-03-07 11.26.26

Who were the Peacemakers?

In January 1919 the Paris Peace Conference began.  The conference was dominate by the Big Three (Britain, France & the USA).  For the next task in class you will have to represent one of the Big Three countries.  Prepare for the task by researching your character (Lloyd George (Britain), Clemenceau (France) & Wilson (USA) and finding out what their aims were in the Paris Peace Conferences.  Think back to the causes of the war – issues had divided the Great Powers before the war and what had been their experiences during the war?
Resource – Aims of the Big Three
This Research template may help you to get started.
tThe Treaty of Versailles
Screenshot 2014-03-07 11.24.07
Task – Treaty SimulationIn this simulation you will take on the role of one of the Big Three Powers.  In combination with your allies make decisions about some of the key questions facing the statesmen in Europe in 1919.

What did the Treaty of Versailles actually do?
Map of Europe 1919

Compare the map above with the map of Europe in 1914 that you made at the start of this unit – what are the similarities and what are the differences?





Look at the terms of the Treaty of Versailles below – how does this match with what your group decided?

The terms of the Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles (Kelly, N. and Lacey, G. (2001). Modern World History. UK: Heinemann)
The aims of the Big Three are described here: Treaty of Versailles (Kelly, N. and Lacey, G. (2001). Modern World History. UK: Heinemann)
Could the Peace Treaties be justified at the time? The Treaty of Versailles (Kelly, N. and Lacey, G. (2001). Modern World History. UK: Heinemann)


This book is about the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and asks if they were fair:
Assessment of the treaty (Waugh, S.(2001) Essential Modern World History. UK. Nelson Thornes)

The animated maps below also give a clear overview of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles:
(Use the section Europe and Nations 1918 – 1942 and then the map Europe after the First World War and Germany and the Treaty of Versailles.)

The movie below is called ‘Make Germany Pay’ and explains some of the ideas behind the Treaty of Versailles.  It lasts for around 10 minutes.