2.1 Human resource planning


Human resource planning is concerned with matching suitable people with work that needs doing within organisations. HRM РWhat is it?


What makes for an effective job advertisement?

1. Truthful – Does not include incorrect or mis-leading information.
2. Concise – Attracts the interest of suitable candidates without over-loading them with details.
3. Targeted – Simply states the key parts of the job description and person specification to ensure that only suitable people apply.
4. Positive – Encourages suitable applicants to apply.
5. Contact details – Clearly states how & to whom prospective applicants should apply.


The HRM department will often follow a protocol for selecting applicants. Two of these are Munro Fraser’s 5-point grading system and Rodger’s 7-point plan (both shown below).

Munro Fraser’s 5-point system.

Rodger’s 7-point plan


To reduce bias and ensure that the best candidate is offered the job it is recommended that interview questions/selection activities are the same for all candidates.


Psychometric – assess personality.

Aptitude – Assess skills eg problem solving.


Trade – For some jobs eg a plumber or electrician candidates are given work-specific tasks to perform.