4. Competing Demands for Water

Conflicts at the local or national scale

  • Examine the competing demands for water in a specific river basin.
  • Evaluate the strategies that have been adopted to meet these demands.

Conflicts at the international scale

  • Discuss an example of an international conflict related to freshwater.

Case study – Conflict at a national scale

BBC News – Water dispute in India (Sept 2016)

Case study – Conflict at a local scale

  • To examine the competing demands for water in the Kissimmee river basin.
  • To evaluate the strategies that have been adopted to meet these competing demands.

Read and make notes – Competing Demands in the Kissimmee river basin – the Everglades

Use the Course Companion p 129 and Codrington’s ‘Planet Geography’ p239 – 244. You should have the following sub-headings:

  • Agriculture
  • Flood regulation
  • Human water consumption
  • Tourism

You can also look here:

and here:

Strategies to manage the competing demands

Restoration of the Everglades

What you should know about the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

Can you:

  • name the river basin in which the Everglades are found?
  • list and describe three competing demands for water in the Everglades?
  • list more than one strategy used to manage the competing demands for water in the Everglades?
  • show an opinion about the success of the management strategies?

You are going to answer this question as a timed essay: ‘Discuss how competing demands for water have affected a named area.’ 10 marks

P1 & 2 Mark bands for 15 & 10 mark questions

 

International Conflict over freshwater:

Aim: to use the River Nile as a case study for international conflict over freshwater resources:

BBC – Death of the Nile considers conflicts affecting the world’s longest river

Watch the video and make notes focused upon international conflict related to freshwater.

How many countries with high and extreme risk does the Nile flow through?

 

Case Study – International Conflict over the use of the Nile Waters

In 1988 then-Egyptian Foreign Minister Boutros Boutros-Ghali, who later became the United Nations’ Secretary-General, predicted that the next war in the Middle East would be fought over the waters of the Nile, not politics.

The Guardian [via Fairfax Digital] – Africa needs Nile water but Egypt won’t share [14 February 2004]

Ex-UN chief warns of water wars [2 February 2005]

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars: Water, Conflict, and Cooperation: Lessons From the Nile River Basin

East Africa seeks more Nile water from Egypt [14 May 2010]

Reuters – Egypt says “amazed” by Ethiopia’s Nile remarks [23 November 2010]

Nile deal deadline passes with three countries yet to sign up [13 May 2011]

 Syr Darya & Amu Darya rivers in central Asia

International Crisis Group

Discuss the issues involved in an international conflict caused by competing demands for freshwater. [10 Marks]

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