4. Competing Demands for Water

Conflicts at the local or national scale

  • Examine the competing demands for water in a specific river basin.
  • Evaluate the strategies that have been adopted to meet these demands.

Conflicts at the international scale

  • Discuss an example of an international conflict related to freshwater.

Case study – Conflict at a national scale

BBC News – Water dispute in India (Sept 2016)

Case study – Conflict at a local scale

  • To examine the competing demands for water in the Kissimmee river basin.
  • To evaluate the strategies that have been adopted to meet these competing demands.

Read and make notes – Competing Demands in the Kissimmee river basin – the Everglades

Use the Course Companion p 129 and Codrington’s ‘Planet Geography’ p239 – 244. You should have the following sub-headings:

  • Agriculture
  • Flood regulation
  • Human water consumption
  • Tourism

You can also look here:

and here:

Strategies to manage the competing demands

Restoration of the Everglades

What you should know about the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

Can you:

  • name the river basin in which the Everglades are found?
  • list and describe three competing demands for water in the Everglades?
  • list more than one strategy used to manage the competing demands for water in the Everglades?
  • show an opinion about the success of the management strategies?

You are going to answer this question as a timed essay: ‘Discuss how competing demands for water have affected a named area.’ 10 marks

P1 & 2 Mark bands for 15 & 10 mark questions

 

International Conflict over freshwater:

Aim: to use the River Nile as a case study for international conflict over freshwater resources:

Watch the video and make notes focused upon international conflict related to freshwater.

How many countries with high and extreme risk does the Nile flow through?

 

Case Study – International Conflict over the use of the Nile Waters

In 1988 then-Egyptian Foreign Minister Boutros Boutros-Ghali, who later became the United Nations’ Secretary-General, predicted that the next war in the Middle East would be fought over the waters of the Nile, not politics.

The Guardian [via Fairfax Digital] – Africa needs Nile water but Egypt won’t share [14 February 2004]

Ex-UN chief warns of water wars [2 February 2005]

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars: Water, Conflict, and Cooperation: Lessons From the Nile River Basin

East Africa seeks more Nile water from Egypt [14 May 2010]

Reuters – Egypt says “amazed” by Ethiopia’s Nile remarks [23 November 2010]

Nile deal deadline passes with three countries yet to sign up [13 May 2011]

 Syr Darya & Amu Darya rivers in central Asia

International Crisis Group

Discuss the issues involved in an international conflict caused by competing demands for freshwater. [10 Marks]

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