Option A – Freshwater

  • Drainage basin hydrology & geomorphology

The drainage basin system

River discharge

River processes of erosion, transportation & deposition

River landforms

  • Flooding & flood mitigation


Human action & flood risk

Flood prediction

Flood mitigation [case study 1]

  • Water scarcity & water quality

Physical & economic water scarcity

Environmental consequences of agriculture on water quality [case study 2]

Human pressure on lakes & aquifers

International shared water resource conflict [case study 3]

  • Water management futures

Participation of local communities

Dam building for multi-purpose schemes [case study 4]

Integrated Drainage Basin Management (IDBM) plans [case study 5]

Wetlands and their conservation [case study 6]