SL Patterns and Change 1 – Populations


We’ll be beginning the course with a look at population change since the dawn of humanity. We’ll be looking at concepts such as diffusion, carrying capacity, population momentum and crude birth and death rates.

This from the DP Guide:

As we progress through this first section of the course, check back here to make sure you can answer these questions. There is a fair to good chance that some of these will make it onto an end-of semester exam.   🙂

1    In 1999 the world’s population reached:
A    2 billion
B    4 billion
C    6 billion
D    8 billion

2    Natural increase is:
A    the difference between the number of births and the number of deaths
B    the sum of the number of births and the number of deaths
C    the difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants
D    the sum of the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants

3    The largest population that the resources of a given environment can support is known as the:
A    population structure
B    carrying capacity
C    optimum population
D    minimum population

4    Replacement level fertility is usually considered to be a total fertility rate of:
A    1.52 children
B    2.12 children
C    2.52 children
D    3.12 children

5    In a standard population pyramid the age range of each bar is:
A    5 years
B    10 years
C    15 years
D    20 years

6    The relationship between the economically active population and the non-working population is known as the:
A    employment ratio
B    economic ratio
C    dependency ratio
D    critical ratio

7    Elderly dependents are generally considered to be people who are:
A    50 and over
B    55 and over
C    60 and over
D    65 and over

8    The UK is in which stage of demographic transition?
A    stage 2
B    stage 3
C    stage 4
D    stage 5

9    Brazil is in which stage of demographic transition?
A    stage 2
B    stage 3
C    stage 4
D    stage 5

10    Stage 5 of the model of demographic transition shows:
A    natural decrease
B    natural increase
C    population equilibrium
D    the maximum population

11    A rise in the median age of a population is known as:
A    demographic transition
B    demographic ageing
C    demographic instability
D    demographic momentum

12    Which of the following countries has the most rapidly ageing population in the history of the world?
A    Japan
B    Germany
C    Italy
D    Spain

13    The child mortality rate concerns children who die before their:
A    first birthday
B    second birthday
C    fifth birthday
D    tenth birthday
14    The death of a woman during or shortly after pregnancy is referred to as:
A    female mortality
B    birth mortality
C    infant mortality
D    maternal mortality

15    The world region with the lowest average life expectancy is:
A    Asia
B    Africa
C    South America
D    Europe

16    Pro-natalist policies encourage:
A    large families
B    small families
C    family planning
D    family ties

17    What proportion of the land area of China is infertile desert or mountain?
A    15%
B    25%
C    35%
D    45%

18    By 2005 China’s birth rate had fallen to:
A    10.6/1000
B    13.6/1000
C    16.6/1000
D    19.6/1000
19    In which year was the ‘One Child’ policy introduced in China?
A    1959
B    1969
C    1979
D    1989

20    The sex ratio (boys/girls) in China in 2009 was:
A    89/100
B    99/100
C    109/100
D    119/100

21    The population of China is approximately:
A    1.1 billion
B    1.3 billion
C    1.5 billion
D    1.7 billion

22    The United Nations defines migration as a change of residence lasting more than:
A    one month
B    six months
C    one year
D    two years

23    The difference between immigration and emigration is termed:
A    migration difference
B    net migration
C    gross migration
D    total migration

24    A significant movement of people between a common origin and destination is a:
A    migration flow
B    migration channel
C    migration movement
D    migration stream

25    Which type of migration is said to occur when people have little or no choice but to move?
A    mass migration
B    free migration
C    nomadic migration
D    forced migration

26    The major barrier to international migration today is:
A    physical danger
B    cost
C    immigration controls
D    time

27    In E.S. Lee’s model the stage between origin and destination is:
A    intervening obstacles
B    intermediate obstacles
C    interminable obstacles
D    intermittent obstacles

28    Money sent back to their families by migrants is called:
A    gifts
B    returns
C    remittances
D    postal orders
29    Depopulation is:
A    a reduction in natural increase
B    a decline in immigration
C    rural–urban migration
D    the absolute decline in the population of an area

30    How many people around the world currently live outside the country of their birth?
A    1 in 15
B    1 in 25
C    1 in 35
D    1 in 45

31    Forced migrations across international borders create:
A    international migrants
B    internal displacement
C    asylum seekers
D    refugees

32    Forced migration within the borders of one country creates:
A    refugees
B    asylum seekers
C    internal displacement
D    international migrants

33    The total number of people displaced from their homes around the world in 2009 has been estimated at:
A    12 million
B    22 million
C    32 million
D    42 million

34    The rules for how people should act in a given group or society are called:
A    social norms
B    societal attitudes
C    social benchmarks
D    cultural traits

35    The female unemployment rate as a percentage of the male unemployment rate is the:
A    sex unemployment ratio
B    unemployment gender ratio
C    female unemployment ratio
D    underemployment ratio

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