SL Patterns and Change 2 – Disparities in Wealth and Development


Disparities in Wealth and Development.


As we progress through this section of the Core Unit, please check that you can answer these questions. There is a very good chance that some of these will appear in end-of-semester exams :)
1    Which of the following is an example of development in a country?
A    an increase in population
B    an increase in agricultural production
C    the expansion of an existing industry
D    the extension of the electricity grid into previously unconnected rural areas

2    The Gross Domestic Product is:
A    the total value of industrial production in a country in a year
B    the total value of goods and services produced by a country in a year
C    the value of agricultural production in a country in a year
D    the combined value of imports and exports for a country

3    The country with the highest GNI (PPP) per capita in 2006–07 was:
A    Luxembourg
B    Singapore
C    Switzerland
D    Norway

4    Which of the following is not part of the Human Development Index?
A    infant mortality
B    life expectancy
C    educational attainment
D    GDP per capita

5    According to the Human Development Report 2009, the country with the highest human development (in 2007) was:
A    Canada
B    Norway
C    Japan
D    Australia

6    Which world region has the lowest levels of human development?
A    Asia
B    Africa
C    South and Central America
D    Europe

7    The concept of least developed countries was first identified by the United Nations in:
A    1958
B    1968
C    1978
D    1988

8    How many countries were identified as LDCs by The Least Developed Countries Report 2009?
A    19
B    29
C    39
D    49

9    Most of the world’s LDCs are located in:
A    Sub-Saharan Africa
B    Asia
C    South America
D    Europe
10    One of the first countries to be classed as a newly industrialised country was:
A    India
B    China
C    South Korea
D    the Philippines

11    An economy that grows very rapidly is often referred to as a:
A    lion economy
B    cheetah economy
C    puma economy
D    tiger economy

12    The number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1000 live births is the:
A    child mortality rate
B    infant mortality rate
C    toddler mortality rate
D    neo-natal mortality rate

13    The highest average rate of infant mortality is in:
A    South America
B    Central America
C    Asia
D    Africa

14    The Gini coefficient is a technique frequently used to show:
A    variations in life expectancy
B    income inequality
C    differences in infant mortality
D    the education gap

15    A graphical technique that can be used to show the degree of inequality that exists between two variables is the:
A    Lorenz curve
B    median-line bar graph
C    Kuznets curve
D    semantic differential profile

16    The theory of cumulative causation is credited to:
A    Dicken
B    Waters
C    Harvey
D    Myrdal

17    The most highly populated region in Brazil is the:
A    South
B    South-east
C    North-east
D    North

18    The city with the highest population in Brazil is:
A    Rio de Janeiro
B    Brasilia
C    São Paulo
D    Belo Horizonte

19    Brazil’s Aerospace Technical Centre is located in:
A    Recife
B    Curitiba
C    São Jose dos Campos
D    Manaus

20    Which theory was popularised by Immanuel Wallerstein?
A    modernisation theory
B    world system theory
C    dependency theory
D    globalisation theory

21    How many Millennium Development Goals have been set to be achieved by 2015?
A    4
B    8
C    12
D    16

22    Approximately how many people died of malaria worldwide in 2006?
A    250 000
B    500 000
C    750 000
D    1 000 000

23    The number of people newly infected with HIV peaked in:
A    1990
B    1996
C    2000
D    2006
24    In 2005 the difference in the maternal mortality rate between the developed and developing regions of the world was:
A    9 : 150
B    9 : 250
C    9 : 350
D    9 : 450

25    Oxfam is an example of:
A    an NGO
B    a TNC
C    a trade bloc
D    a UN agency

26    Aid supplied by a donor country whereby the level of technology is properly suited to the conditions in the receiving country is known as:
A    low technology
B    suitable technology
C    appropriate technology
D    sustainable technology

27    Foreign aid that has to be spent in the country providing the aid is called:
A    strings aid
B    ropes aid
C    commented aid
D    tied aid

28    What proportion of GNP did rich donor governments agree to spend on international aid at the UN General Assembly in 1970?
A    0.5%
B    0.7%
C    0.9%
D    1.1%

29    How much foreign direct investment did China attract in 2008?
A    $52 billion
B    $72 billion
C    $92 billion
D    $142 billion

30    The value of China’s international trade in 2008 was:
A    $2562 billion
B    $1562 billion
C    $562 billion
D    $3562 billion

31    The People’s Campaign for Decentralised Planning was launched in 1996 in the Indian state of:
A    Tamil Nadu
B    Bihar
C    Karnataka
D    Kerala

32   ‘ Creating a World without Poverty’ was written by:
A    Muhammad Yunus
B    Shiva Naipaul
C    Vladimir Nabokov
D    Isaac Asimov

33    The capital of Mauritania is:
A    Tichet
B    Nouakchott
C    Atar
D    Nouadhibou

34    Mauritania has a population of approximately:
A    2.4 million
B    10.4 million
C    20.4 million
D    30.4 million

35    Mauritania’s main export is:
A    zinc
B    iron ore
C    copper
D    bauxite


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