1. Measurements of regional and global disparities

Article from the Guardian about inequality indices – April 2017


You should be able to define indices of infant mortality, education, nutrition, income, marginalization & explain the value of the indices in measuring disparities across the globe

Infant Mortality

Infant Mortality: the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. [Source]


Literacy Rate: There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition – the ability to read and write at a specified age. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world. [Source]

Education expenditure: the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. [Source]


Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5): Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO’s new child growth standards released in 2006. [Source]


Gross National Income: (now used in preference to gross national product—GNP). The total value of goods and services produced within a country together with the balance of income and payments from or to other countries. [Data Source]



You should be able to define the Human Development Index & explain its value in measuring disparities across the globe.

1. Human Development Index

The HDI contains three variables: life expectancy, educational attainment and GDP.

UNDP HDI statistics for 2015

Watch these videos:

Africa Human Development Report 2012

And visit this site:


Zolabo – Tree of Human Development  based on the UN HDI

Something for you to DO:

Using Inspiration (or similar), make a visual representation of the HDI. What is it made up of? Use TWO countries with differing levels of development as examples. Annotate your visual. Save it in whatever format you can and post it on your blog.


2. KOF Index of Globalization


The KOF Index of Globalization measures the three main dimensions of globalization:

  • economic
  • social
  • and political.

In addition to three indices measuring these dimensions, we calculate an overall index of globalization and sub-indices referring to

  • actual economic flows
  • economic restrictions
  • data on information flows
  • data on personal contact
  • and data on cultural proximity.

Data are available on a yearly basis for 208 countries over the period 1970 – 2012.

Detailed Index Information (2012)

KOF World rankings_2012

KOF variables_2012

KOF method_2012

KOF definitions_2012

When calculating the index economic globalization is weighted at 37%, social globalization at 39% and political globalization at 25% – why not a third each?

Which do you think is the ‘weakest’ data set?

Here is a chloropleth map for 2009 KOF data:

Click on the map to visit source site

Produce a page of revision material that explains what the KOF Index is, what it’s component parts are and the KOF values for two countries of differing levels of development – with out writing any words. It should be in the style of an infographic.


3. Index of marginalisation

Marginalisation is the social process of becoming or being made marginal (to relegate or confine to a lower social standing or outer limit or edge, as of social standing) for example “the marginalization of the underclass”. [Source]




1. Remember the IB Five?

Five countries represented by the IB

For each country, give the latest HDI value.

Choose TWO single index measurements, and find them for each country.

2. Give measurements and commentary for your home country, or an adjacent country if your home country is already covered by the IB five.

For review of this section, watch and take notes from this TED talk…[mediacore height=”315px” public_url=”http://nis-school.mediacore.tv/media/richard-wilkinson-how-economic-inequality-harms-so” thumb_url=”http://cdnassets.mediacore.tv/static/8ee7e555/images/defaults/video/video-m.png” title=”Richard Wilkinson How economic inequality harms societies” width=”560px”]

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