SL Patterns and Change 3 – Patterns in Environmental Quality and Sustainability

Patterns in environmental quality and sustainability.

As we progress through this section of the Core Unit, please check that you can answer these questions. There is a very good chance that some of these will appear in end-of-semester exams 🙂

1    The radiant energy emitted from the Sun is termed:
A    longwave radiation
B    convection
C    insolation
D    transmission

2    The point at which the damage caused to global systems by climate change becomes irreversible is known as the:
A    tipping point
B    balance point
C    global warming point
D    crucial point

3    The quantity of heat absorbed or released by a substance undergoing a change of state is called:
A    sensible heat
B    ground heat
C    converted heat
D    latent heat

4    The proportion of solar energy reflected from the Earth back into space is the Earth’s:
A    reflection ratio
B    albedo
C    energy loss
D    energy balance 5    The lowest layer of the atmosphere is the:
A    stratosphere
B    mesosphere
C    troposphere
D    thermosphere

6    The transfer of heat by the movement of a gas or a liquid is:
A    convection
B    conduction
C    radiation
D    condensation

7    Globally it is estimated that how many billion hectares of soil resources have been degraded?
A    1
B    2
C    3
D    4

8    The concentration of abnormally high levels of salts in soils due to evaporation is known as:
A    acidification
B    salinisation
C    aggregation
D    buffering

9    What proportion of the population in rural Sub-Saharan Africa is reliant on agriculture as a source of income and employment?
A    80%
B    70%
C    60%
D    50%
10    Irrigated farming accounts for what proportion of global annual water consumption?
A    40%
B    50%
C    60%
D    70%

11    Which world region faces the most serious water supply problems?
A    the Middle East and North Africa
B    South and Central America
C    North America
D    Europe

12    Precipitation absorbed by soil and plants, then released back into the air, is called:
A    blue water
B    green water
C    grey water
D    yellow water

13    A country is judged to experience water stress when water supply is below how many cubic metres per person per year?
A    1300
B    1500
C    1700
D    1900

14    Water that is free from impurities is called:
A    potable water
B    portable water
C    pure water
D    passable water
15    The amount of water that is used to produce food or any other item and is thus essentially ‘embedded’ in the item is known as:
A    realistic water
B    virtual water
C    contained water
D    silent water

16    Vadodara is the largest city in the Indian state of:
A    Gujarat
B    Bihar
C    Tamil Nadu
D    Karnataka

17    The term for when species are restricted to a single region is:
A    isolationism
B    singularness
C    uniqueness
D    endemism

18    A biome is a:
A    naturally occurring organic community of plants and animals
B    river system
C    biodiversity hotspot
D    major soil type

19    The world’s largest area of rainforest is in:
A    Indonesia
B    Brazil
C    Colombia
D    Malaysia
20    The Amazon holds carbon stocks of about:
A    20 billion tonnes
B    50 billion tonnes
C    90 billion tonnes
D    120 billion tonnes

21    The Amazon basin has an annual rainfall of approximately:
A    1000 mm
B    2000 mm
C    3000 mm
D    4000 mm

22    Most of the Amazon basin has acid soils known as:
A    latosols
B    podsols
C    terra rossa
D    brown earths

23    The environmental impact caused by an individual tourist on holiday in a particular location is known as the:
A    individual footprint
B    tourist footprint
C    destination footprint
D    location footprint

24    The scenario for future patterns of production and consumption which assumes that there will be no major changes in attitudes and priorities is:
A    no change
B    business-as-usual
C    median line
D    present approach

25    The world’s first National Park, designated in 1872, was:
A    Yosemite
B    Yellowstone
C    Great Smoky Mountains
D    Grand Canyon

26    Approximately what proportion of the world’s land area is covered by national protection schemes?
A    2%
B    12%
C    18%
D    25%

27    New technologies that aim to conserve the natural environment and resources are known as:
A    blue technologies
B    eco-technologies
C    green technologies
D    biotic technologies

28    The Maasai Mara National Reserve is in:
A    Uganda
B    Tanzania
C    South Africa
D    Kenya

29    The capital city of Namibia is:
A    Windhoek
B    Luanda
C    Lusaka
D    Gaborone

30    Which of the following crosses Namibia?
A    the Equator
B    the Tropic of Cancer
C    50 degrees South
D    the Tropic of Capricorn

31    Approximately what proportion of Namibia’s population lives below the international poverty line?
A    20%
B    30%
C    40%
D    50%

32    When did Namibia’s Communal Conservancy Programme begin?
A    1986
B    1991
C    1996
D    2001

33    What proportion of the land area of Namibia does the Conservancy Programme cover?
A    4%
B    14%
C    24%
D    34%

34    The Communal Conservancy Programme was extended in 2001 to encompass community:
A    coastal zones
B    forests
C    grasslands
D    deserts

35    Expanding effective programs to reach larger numbers of people in a broader geographical area is known as the:
A    expansion process
B    scaling-up process
C    extension process
D    widening-out process

(These questions copyright Cambridge University Press 2011. All rights reserved.)

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