1 The measure of humanity’s demands on the natural environment devised in 1990 by Wackernagal and Rees is the:
A socio-economic footprint
B Human Development Index
C environment index
D ecological footprint
2 The capacity of an ecosystem to generate an ongoing supply of resources and to absorb its wastes is known as:
B ecological capacity
C environmental capacity
D carbon capacity
3 One hectare of biologically productive space with world average productivity is:
A a world hectare
B a continental hectare
C a global hectare
D an imperial hectare
4 Which group of countries has the highest carbon footprint?
A least developed countries
B newly industrialised countries
C developed countries
D developing countries
5 What is said to occur when humanity’s demand on nature exceeds the biosphere’s regenerative capacity?
A excess demand
D environmental excess
6 The considerable increase in food production due to high-yielding variety seed programmes is known as the:
A Farming Revolution
B Technological Revolution
C Seed Revolution
D Green Revolution
7 The idea of optimum population has been mainly understood from the point of view of:
8 Resource pessimists are often referred to as:
9 The relative contribution of different energy sources to a country’s energy consumption/production is known as its:
A energy compound
B energy package
C energy mix
D energy product
10 At one time all of Britain’s trains were powered by:
11 Which energy source contributes most to global energy consumption?
12 The relative importance of hydro-electricity is greatest in:
C North America
D South and Central America
13 The Middle East accounts for approximately what proportion of global proved oil reserves?
14 Energy consumption is rising at the fastest rate in:
A developed countries
B newly industrialised countries
C developing countries
D least developed countries
15 The organisation whose prime concern is predicting the peak of global oil production is:
16 Which is the world’s second largest oil-producing country, after Saudi Arabia?
17 Gas flaring in which energy location is the world’s single largest source of greenhouse gas emissions?
A Niger delta
B Gulf of Mexico
C Persian Gulf
18 Which country leads the world in the use of nuclear electricity?
19 In 2007 the world leader in wind energy capacity was:
C the UK
20 The largest producers of ethanol in the world are:
A the USA and Brazil
B Australia and South Africa
C Germany and France
D China and India
21 The world leader in geothermal electricity is:
A New Zealand
B the USA
22 Approximately how many people in developing countries rely on fuelwood, charcoal and animal dung for cooking?
A 1 billion
B 1.5 billion
C 2 billion
D 2.5 billion
23 Which country overtook Japan as the world’s second largest user of oil in 2004?
24 Coal mined in China accounts for what percentage of the world total?
25 It has been estimated that China will take over from the USA as the world’s largest consumer of oil in:
26 The only utility-scale tidal power system in the world is in:
D the USA
27 The Three Gorges Dam is located along which river?
28 The total cost of the Three Gorges Dam has been estimated at:
A $10 billion
B $30 billion
C $50 billion
D $70 billion
29 Of the five traditional sources of energy, which contributes the least to China’s energy consumption?
A nuclear energy
B natural gas
30 Which of the following countries is not a member of OPEC?
A Saudi Arabia
31 Supply routes between energy producers and consumers are known as:
A energy routes
B energy pathways
C energy corridors
D lines of energy
32 Canada’s large deposits of oil sands are in:
B British Columbia
33 The Falkland Islands are in the:
A Pacific Ocean
B South Atlantic Ocean
C Indian Ocean
D North Atlantic Ocean
34 The rate at which temperature rises as depth below the surface increases is the:
A temperature gradient
B sub-surface gradient
C geothermal gradient
D geological gradient
35 How many people will the Three Gorges Dam protect from flooding?
A 1 million
B 5 million
C 10 million
D 15 million