The aim of this section is to be able to discuss the reasons for and consequences of the relocation of polluting industries [such as the e-waste recycling industry] and waste disposal [e-waste] to countries with weaker environmental controls and safety regulations.
Read this story from The Guardian about the issue of mobile phone waste and how manufacturers like Apple & Samsung are being encouraged to take a more sustainable approach.
Designed for the dump:
Historical examples illustrating how the globalisation of industry allows exploitation of different laws (e.g. environmental) include the 1984 Union Carbide accident in Bhopal, and the Trafigura incident 2006.
Where does e-waste go?
Focus on China:
Case study – Rare Earth metals, Baotou, Inner Mongolia
Prepare an answer to this exam question:
“Polluting industries are relocated away from developed nations, for purely financial reasons.” Discuss this statement [15 marks]