China after Mao 1976 – 2005

Key events: Overview; China 1976 – 2000 from Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe

Consequence 1976 : Death of Mao Zedong and his impact on China

Mao’s Death and Impact of rule

The struggle for power after the death of Mao in 1976

Think about why there are power struggles after the death of a dictator or strong leader.

Read the text below: why did the Gang of Four fail to gain power after the death of Mao in 1976?

Gang of Four

Compare and contrast the power struggle after the death of Mao and Lenin.

1976 – 1980 Hua Guofeng What policies did Hua Guofeng introduce? Why was Hua Guofeng unable to retain power after 1980?

The leadership of Deng Xiaoping 1976 – 1997

Who was Deng Xiaoping? What was his personal history before 1980? Research his background. Before you start make a list of questions that will help you find what you need to know. Create an A4 size ‘poster’ of your findings.

  • Text should be minimal
  • Visual communication of key points
  • Referencing of images and sources essential
  • Creativity

Deng Xiaoping 1973 – 8

Deng Xiaoping – the making of a leader (You Tube)

Here is a reading from Deng Xioaping’s biography:              
Screen Shot 2015-02-06 at 11.54.15 AM

Deng Xiaoping biography

Change and Continuity: Political and Economic Developments 1976 – 1997

Deng Xioaping’s Economic Policy: The 4 Mondernisations (Agriculture, Industry, Defence, Science)

‘Socialism with Chinese Characteristics’, Deng Xiaoping 1982

Background to reforms

Deng Xiaoping’s economic reforms

How Successful were Deng’s economic reforms? Here are two perspectives:

Alan Lawrence, China under Communism

Communism in Crisis, by Rakesh Pathak and Yvonne Berliner

What political changes took place under Deng Xiaoping?            Screen Shot 2015-02-06 at 11.55.48 AM

Deng’s political policy

What caused the protests in Tiananmen Square in 1989?

1989 Tiananmen Square

You Tube – Tiananmen Square

Watch the DVD: China in Revolution disc 3

To what extent was Deng Xioaping responsible for the Tiananmen Square massacre?

Consider the two concepts of Change and Continuity: What examples can you see of both in Deng Xiaoping’s rule?  Can you explain the reasons behind the things that changed and the things that stayed the same?

Jiang Zemin 1989 – 2002

Faced with a series of problems after Tiananmen Square and the Deng Xiaoping era, what did Jiang Zemin do to modernise China and how successful was he?

1989 – General Secretary of the Party

1992 – introduced ‘socialist market economy’

– Deng Xioaping’s Southern Tour

1993 – President of China

1997 – state visit to USA

– death of Deng Xioaping

1999 – crackdown against Falun Gong

2002 – retirement

Legacy of Jiang Zemin:

China’s impact on the region 1989 -2005

Your task is to create a key note entitled China’s impact on the region 1989 -2000. You must include:

  • A map of the region
  • Sections on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, North and South Korea and Russia.
  • You will need to consider Trade, culture, media and sport, tourism, diplomatic relations
  • You will need a variety of media (pictures / photos / statistics / explanations)


Hong Kong (return of Hong Kong to China 1997):

This Google Book is very helpful:’s%20impact%20on%20Korea%20after%201989&f=false

A good overview and a simple site :

A summary of China’s border agreements: 

Screen Shot 2015-03-03 at 10.17.36 AM






Making Posters ATL Skill: Knowledge and Understanding / thinking

To what extent were China’s relations with other states in the region successful in the second half of the 20th century?

Evaluate the impact of China on the region after 1976.