Key events: Overview; China 1976 – 2000 from Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe
Consequence 1976 : Death of Mao Zedong and his impact on China
The struggle for power after the death of Mao in 1976
Think about why there are power struggles after the death of a dictator or strong leader.
Read the text below: why did the Gang of Four fail to gain power after the death of Mao in 1976?
Compare and contrast the power struggle after the death of Mao and Lenin.
1976 – 1980 Hua Guofeng What policies did Hua Guofeng introduce? Why was Hua Guofeng unable to retain power after 1980?
The leadership of Deng Xiaoping 1976 – 1997
Who was Deng Xiaoping? What was his personal history before 1980? Research his background. Before you start make a list of questions that will help you find what you need to know. Create an A4 size ‘poster’ of your findings.
- Text should be minimal
- Visual communication of key points
- Referencing of images and sources essential
Deng Xiaoping – the making of a leader (You Tube)
Change and Continuity: Political and Economic Developments 1976 – 1997
Deng Xioaping’s Economic Policy: The 4 Mondernisations (Agriculture, Industry, Defence, Science)
‘Socialism with Chinese Characteristics’, Deng Xiaoping 1982
How Successful were Deng’s economic reforms? Here are two perspectives:
Alan Lawrence, China under Communism
Communism in Crisis, by Rakesh Pathak and Yvonne Berliner
Watch the DVD: China in Revolution disc 3
To what extent was Deng Xioaping responsible for the Tiananmen Square massacre?
Consider the two concepts of Change and Continuity: What examples can you see of both in Deng Xiaoping’s rule? Can you explain the reasons behind the things that changed and the things that stayed the same?
Jiang Zemin 1989 – 2002
Faced with a series of problems after Tiananmen Square and the Deng Xiaoping era, what did Jiang Zemin do to modernise China and how successful was he?
1989 – General Secretary of the Party
1992 – introduced ‘socialist market economy’
– Deng Xioaping’s Southern Tour
1993 – President of China
1997 – state visit to USA
– death of Deng Xioaping
1999 – crackdown against Falun Gong
2002 – retirement
Legacy of Jiang Zemin: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiang_Zemin
China’s impact on the region 1989 -2005
Your task is to create a key note entitled China’s impact on the region 1989 -2000. You must include:
- A map of the region
- Sections on Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, North and South Korea and Russia.
- You will need to consider Trade, culture, media and sport, tourism, diplomatic relations
- You will need a variety of media (pictures / photos / statistics / explanations)
Hong Kong (return of Hong Kong to China 1997): http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-16517764
This Google Book is very helpful: https://books.google.com.hk/books?id=tgXGBQAAQBAJ&pg=PT290&lpg=PT290&dq=china%27s+impact+on+Korea+after+1989&source=bl&ots=K5t7dfyeq6&sig=Ya8EpQTeq8B5k4kr_JjoTBr9xcY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=9xL9VIaBFKLKmwXJ8oGgCQ&ved=0CDAQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=china’s%20impact%20on%20Korea%20after%201989&f=false
A good overview and a simple site :http://www.johndclare.net/China13.htm
A summary of China’s border agreements:http://www.china-briefing.com/news/specialreport/chinas-borders
Making Posters ATL Skill: Knowledge and Understanding / thinking
To what extent were China’s relations with other states in the region successful in the second half of the 20th century?
Evaluate the impact of China on the region after 1976.