The Chinese Civil War 1927 – 1949

1. The causes of the Chinese Civil War

This extract is from Michael Lynch’s book, China from Empire to People’s Republic 1900 – 1949:  The Chinese civil war part one 
This extract is from Mao by Michael Lynch: The formation of the United Front
The readings below come from Causes, Practices and Effects of Wars by Keely Rogers and Jo Thomas: Long term and short term causes
Long March
Impact of the Japanese

ATL skills: Thinking Skills 

1. Using your knowledge of the period of Chinese History from 1911 – 1927 answer the question “What caused the Chinese Civil War” in pairs by using the Thinking Routine: generate – sort – connect – elaborate

2. Switch your visible thinking with another pair and give them some specific feedback on their ideas. Use a different colour sticky note to give your feedback.

3. Read the following pdf about the causes of the Chinese Civil War. Use the Thinking Routine: Connect – Extend – Challenge to help you to understand it.

The Causes of the Chinese Civil War

ATL Skills: Communication

Complete the Essay scaffold to address the title: Examine the causes of the First Chinese Civil War in 1927.

2. The Course of the First Chinese Civil War (the end of the first United Front 1927 – the start of the second United Front 1937)

Read the following section from the textbook: The Course of the Chinese Civil War – Jiangxi Soviet and Long March

Key Events:

The Jiangsi Soviet 1927 – 1934 also known as The First Red State in China:

Michael Lynch The Jiangxi Soviet

Invasion of Manchuria by Japanese 1931

  • Japanese established Manchukuo with Pu Yi as leader
  • 1937 Japanese left Manchuria and attacked Beijing (start of 15 year war)

The Long March 1934 – 35

The Long March – Encyclopaedia Britannica

Michael Lynch The Long March

  • Important for Mao’s rise to power
  • Rebuilding of CCP after attacks by GMD
  • Part of future party ‘mythology’
  • Important turning point in the Civil War

Rise to Power of Mao – Authoritarian and Single Party State Leaders

The Long March – Causes, Practices and Effects of War

The Yanan Soviet 1935

  • Rebuilding of the CCP

Mistakes made by Chiang Kai Shek

  • Failed to implement Sun Yat-sen’s Three Prinicples
  • Failed to deal with the Japanese
  • Poor treatment of the peasants

Leadership, ideology and policies of the GMD and CCP 1911 – 1937  

1. work in pairs take one large sheet of paper divide it into two with a timeline in centre and CCP events on one side, GMD on other and common events in the middle

2. make a timeline to show the leadership changes and the key events of the time period including both united fronts summarize the ideology, summarize the policies for both Ideology and policies give specific examples.

3. The Second United Front 1937 – 1945

Michael Lynch The Xian Incident 1936

4. The Fifteen Year War between Japan and China 1931 – 1945

What was the impact of Japanese aggression on the domestic struggle for power?

15 Year War Manchuria Lynch

15 Year War Origins Lynch

15 Year War Sino – Japanese Lynch

15 Year War WW2 Lynch

http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/pacificwar/timeline.htm 

5. The Second Chinese Civil War 1946 – 49

The Chinese Civil War resumed after the surrender of the Japanese. Make a table to show the key events in each of the three phases of the civil war and how they impacted the war.

                    Date          Key Events      Impact on  the civil war
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3

Civil War 1946 -9

The extract below are taken from Causes, Practices and Effects of Wars by Keely Rogers and Jo Thomas
The causes and events of the Chinese Civil War 1946 – 49
The reasons for the Nationalist defeat
The reasons for the Communist victory
This wikipedia site has a very good summary of the Chinese civil war:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Civil_War
The reading below is from the book Mao, The Unknown Story by Jung Chang:
The Russians in Manchuria and support for the CCP
The document below is from China: from Empire to People’s Republic 1900 – 1949 by Michael Lynch

6. Why did the CCP win the Chinese Civil War in 1949?

Causes, Practices and Effects of War – Why did the CCP win the Chinese Civil War in 1949?

Why did the CCP win the CCW in 1949? Lynch

7. How significant was foreign intervention in the Chinese Civil War?

Look at the role of these three foreign powers during the CCW 1927 – 1949 by completing the table below:

Examples of assistance (weapon, money etc) Examples of how the foreign assistance specifically impacted the CCW Examples of how the foreign assistance lengthened the war or changed the outcome. Analysis of significance
Japan
USA
USSR