1. The causes of the Chinese Civil War
This extract is from Michael Lynch’s book, China from Empire to People’s Republic 1900 – 1949: The Chinese civil war part one
This extract is from Mao by Michael Lynch: The formation of the United Front
The readings below come from Causes, Practices and Effects of Wars by Keely Rogers and Jo Thomas: Long term and short term causes
Impact of the Japanese
ATL skills: Thinking Skills
1. Using your knowledge of the period of Chinese History from 1911 – 1927 answer the question “What caused the Chinese Civil War” in pairs by using the Thinking Routine: generate – sort – connect – elaborate
2. Switch your visible thinking with another pair and give them some specific feedback on their ideas. Use a different colour sticky note to give your feedback.
3. Read the following pdf about the causes of the Chinese Civil War. Use the Thinking Routine: Connect – Extend – Challenge to help you to understand it.
ATL Skills: Communication
Complete the Essay scaffold to address the title: Examine the causes of the First Chinese Civil War in 1927.
2. The Course of the First Chinese Civil War (the end of the first United Front 1927 – the start of the second United Front 1937)
Read the following section from the textbook: The Course of the Chinese Civil War – Jiangxi Soviet and Long March
The Jiangsi Soviet 1927 – 1934 also known as The First Red State in China:
- Crucial in Mao’s rise to power
- Preparation for a Communist State Jung Chang – Jiangxi Soviet
- Guerilla warfare used very successfully against Chiang Kai Shek: Jung Chang – Guerilla Warfare
- Brutal rule of the local population by the CCP leadership
Invasion of Manchuria by Japanese 1931
- Japanese established Manchukuo with Pu Yi as leader
- 1937 Japanese left Manchuria and attacked Beijing (start of 15 year war)
The Long March 1934 – 35
- Important for Mao’s rise to power
- Rebuilding of CCP after attacks by GMD
- Part of future party ‘mythology’
- Important turning point in the Civil War
The Yanan Soviet 1935
- Rebuilding of the CCP
Mistakes made by Chiang Kai Shek
- Failed to implement Sun Yat-sen’s Three Prinicples
- Failed to deal with the Japanese
- Poor treatment of the peasants
Leadership, ideology and policies of the GMD and CCP 1911 – 1937
1. work in pairs take one large sheet of paper divide it into two with a timeline in centre and CCP events on one side, GMD on other and common events in the middle
2. make a timeline to show the leadership changes and the key events of the time period including both united fronts summarize the ideology, summarize the policies for both Ideology and policies give specific examples.
3. The Second United Front 1937 – 1945
4. The Fifteen Year War between Japan and China 1931 – 1945
What was the impact of Japanese aggression on the domestic struggle for power?
5. The Second Chinese Civil War 1946 – 49
The Chinese Civil War resumed after the surrender of the Japanese. Make a table to show the key events in each of the three phases of the civil war and how they impacted the war.
|Date||Key Events||Impact on the civil war|
The causes and events of the Chinese Civil War 1946 – 49
The reasons for the Nationalist defeat
The reasons for the Communist victory
The Russians in Manchuria and support for the CCP
6. Why did the CCP win the Chinese Civil War in 1949?
7. How significant was foreign intervention in the Chinese Civil War?
Look at the role of these three foreign powers during the CCW 1927 – 1949 by completing the table below:
|Examples of assistance (weapon, money etc)||Examples of how the foreign assistance specifically impacted the CCW||Examples of how the foreign assistance lengthened the war or changed the outcome.||Analysis of significance|