The Move to Global War (Grade 11 only)

Paper 1: The Move to Global War 1919 – 1941

German, Italian and Japanese expansionism

A. Case Study: German and Italian Expansion 1933 – 1940

1.German and Italian aims in Foreign policy

2. What is meant by ‘Expansionism’? What are the causes of Expansionism in Italy and Germany?

What are the benefits of expansion? Is it the same as Imperialism?

The expansionism of Mussolini and Hitler in the 1920s: Screen Shot 2016-02-25 at 12.08.45 PM

Italian foreign policy in the 1920s  How successful was Italian Foreign Policy in the 1920s?

1920s International Relations   International Relations 1919 -1939

  • What were the key events? Create a timeline for both Germany and Italy
  • How did these events meet the aims?
  • How successful were Italy and Germany in their foreign policies in the 1920s?

3. How were International Relations changing in Europe between 1929 and 1939?

A. Italy

How and why did Italian foreign policy change after 1929? Consider these points:

  • The impact of Fascist ideology on foreign policy
  • The impact of Italian economic difficulties on foreign policy
  • The changes in international affairs

Italian foreign policy after 1929

For each one find out WHAT was happening and HOW it affected Mussolini’s foreign policy.

What actions did Mussolini take between 1929 and 1936?

  • Make a new timeline.
  • For each action give at least two causes and two effects

Italy and Abyssinia 1935   Italian foreign policy 1936 – 39

Italy at war 1935 – 1945       Italy and start of WW2

B. Germany

How and why did German foreign policy change after 1929? consider these points:

  • Great Depression
  • Hitler becomes Chancellor
  • Failures of the League of Nations in Manchuria and Disarmament Conference

What actions did Hitler take after 1933? German foreign policy after 1933  How did Hitler destroy the Treaty of Versailles?

Find out what happened, why and with what consequence.

German expansion after 1938  Germany and start of WW2 after 1939

What was the International Response to German and Italian actions between 1936 and 1940?

Watch the movie: “Why Appeasement?”  and read the BBC bitesize website: Appeasement

ATL Skills: communication and thinking

Appeasement debate:  Britain and France were right to appease Germany in the 1930s.

Prepare the arguments for your side of the debate and hold a debate in 3 parts in class.

Appeasement  Appeasement and the Nazi Soviet Pact

Here are some primary documents of the conversation between Chamberlain and Hitler:

What perspectives can you see and what evidence does this give you for your debate?

B: Case Study: Japanese expansion in East Asia (1931 – 1941)

The causes of expansionScreen Shot 2016-04-10 at 1.39.36 PM

ATL skill: Research

Create a poster about Emperor Hirohito. Your goal is to understand who he was and what his significance was in the History of Japan in the first half of the 20th century. Decide what information you should have on the poster before you start.

Create a shared Power Point presentation to inquire into the causes of Japanese expansionism between 1900 and 1922:{b4f599fd-1478-4e39-8197-faa9faa88e31}&action=editnew

What was the impact of Japanese nationalism and militarism on foreign policy?

Japanese domestic issues: political and economic and their impact on foreign relations.

Political instability in China


long term causes of war in the pacific

Japanese Expansionism in Asia

Events 1931 – 1941

What happened in Mukden in 1931 and what was the International response?

Screen Shot 2016-04-18 at 9.38.55 PM

Mukden Incident text Excerpt from Kelly, N. & Lacey, G. (2001). Modern World History. UK: Heinemann

Mukden Incident Background Info sheet

Thinking Skills: Connect-Extend-Perspective International response to Mukden

The US response to the Sino -Japanese War 1931 – 41

Thinking Skills: Wondering USA’s response to invasion of Manchuria

Pearl Harbour December 1941: what happened? Screen Shot 2016-04-25 at 5.05.30 PM

Here are some facts:

Screen Shot 2016-04-25 at 3.20.01 PM

Pearl Harbour

Watch the BBC movie Horror in the East.

Essay Question: Make a poster with a partner to answer the question; Examine the reasons behind the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour in December 1941.


How can we explain the perspectives of Historians?

What are the different perspectives that Historians have about Pearl Harbour? Perspectives of Pearl Harbour