Let’s clear up what we mean by the Cold War. There were two main sides:
- • The USA and its allies (including Britain of course)
- • The USSR and its allies.
Most historians say it started soon after the end of World War 2 in 1945. The Cold War (from the late 1940s onwards) was not a ‘normal’ war like World War 2. Here are four key features of the Cold War:
- • A complete lack of trust between politicians on each side
- • Building up huge armed forces to threaten the other side (but not actually using them)
- • Using the media to criticise the actions of the other side
- • Co-operating with and supporting anyone who was an enemy of the other side (this extract is taken from the National Archives, Cold War Case Study).
How did the Second World War end?
Here is a day by day overview of the entire second world war: http://io9.gizmodo.com/watch-the-second-world-war-unfold-over-europe-in-7-minu-1440082473
Watch The Map as History: http://the-map-as-history.com/
For the impact of the DDay landings watch the opening sequence of Saving Private Ryan.
Did the Cold War start in 1945?
Use the link below to answer the question ‘Did the Cold War really start in 1919 – 1939?
How Strong was the Wartime Alliance between Britain, the USA and the USSR 1941 – 1945?
How strong was the wartime alliance between the USA, GB and the USSR?
Who was to blame for the start of the Cold War?
Go to this page for the resources you will need:
Yalta and Potsdam 1945
What happened at Potsdam?
The Soviet take over of Eastern Europe
How did the USSR spread it influence into Eastern Europe?
Was it a defensive measure or aggressive?
Churchill’s Fulton Speech
How could this speech be considered inflammatory and a cause of the Cold War?
The Berlin Blockade 1948 and airlift 1949
ATL Skills: Critical Thinking
Who was responsible for the start of the Cold War?
To answer this question brainstorm all the reasons why we can blame the USA and all the reasons why we can blame the USSR. Now look at the perspective of the Historians.
Plan an answer to this essay question: To what extent was it the breakdown in relations between the allies at the end of World War 2 that was responsible for the start of the Cold War?